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Published on August 21, 2018
By Bonnie Brost, licensed and registered dietitian at Essentia Health.
This a prime time to organize our breakfast plans. We’re back from vacation and setting up routines for work and the upcoming school year.
Some say breakfast is the most important meal of the day, yet up to half of us skip this meal. Breakfast literally means “breaking the fast’ because we’ve had no food for the hours we’ve slept.
Research shows people who eat breakfast have more balanced diets than those who skip it. They’re also less likely to be overweight, lose weight more successfully if overweight, and have reduced risk of certain diseases such as heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Eating breakfast also can help improve mental performance, concentration and mood.
Missing breakfast may lead us to snack later in the morning on less healthy foods that don’t match the essential nutrients, vitamins, minerals, protein and fiber that a good breakfast can provide. Doughnuts, many kinds of muffins and candy from the perpetual candy dish do not meet our nutritional needs.
Not enough time, too tired and not hungry are the chronic reasons we skip breakfast. But often the real reason is that we didn’t have a plan. Breakfast plans are best developed the night before and shared with everyone in the home.
Breakfast and a mid-morning snack should provide 20 to 25 percent of our daily nutritional requirements. For someone needing 1,800 calories with 70-100 grams of protein and 25 grams of fiber, breakfast would be 350-450 calories; 14-25 grams of protein and five to six grams of fiber. If you need 2,500 calories with 125-150 grams of protein and 30 grams of fiber, breakfast should have 500-650 calories with 25-38 grams protein and six to eight grams of fiber.
Breakfast and a mid-morning snack offer a great opportunity to eat some of the four to five cups of fruits or vegetable that we should consume each day. Need an easy cup? Eat a banana. Pick up berries, oranges, dried fruits and frozen fruits.
Good sources for protein are eggs, nuts, nut butters, light string cheese, cottage cheese, Greek yogurt, smoothies and high-protein cereals. Good sources of fiber include whole-grain high-fiber cereals such as Kashi Go Lean or oatmeal.
Breakfast bars or snack bars can be a quick option. But the challenge is finding one with some protein along with whole grains, nuts or seeds. Too many bars are high in sugar, saturated fat or both. If you do grab a bar, add a piece of fruit or combine with string cheese or Greek yogurts to boost the protein, calcium and potassium.
Fooducate, a smartphone app managed by dietitians, rate these breakfast bars as an A or a B. Look for others that have the amount of protein suggested here.
Here are some minimally processed foods to combine with bars to get adequate protein, fiber, vitamins and minerals.
5 ounces/ 2/3 cup
Milk - Skim, 1%, 2% or Plant-based milks
8 ounces/1 cup
Kashi Go Lean cereal
Nuts, unsalted or lightly salted
Great source of vitamins and minerals
Dried fruits (raisins, apricots, pineapple, prunes, figs, mangos)
2 tablespoons to 1/4 cup
fat, 0 grams; cholesterol, 0 milligrams; sodium, 20 milligrams; potassium, 100 milligrams; carbohydrates, 5 grams; fiber, 1 gram; protein, 1 grams.